Mediolanum Italy is actually a prehistoric name of present day Milan. Earlier, Mediolanum was an Insubrian city but later became a crucial part of the Roman city in Italy, northern Italy to be precise. It was founded by Celtic Insubres in 600 BC which is the reason why it was originally called Insubria.
However in 222 BC, a war between Insubres and the Romans led to Romans attaining the control of the city. The Romans were led by Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus and they eventually captured the entire region. They called this newly acquired region Cisapline Gaul.
Mediolanum was an important road junction network of Italy. It was famous for wine, all kinds of grains and fine wool. It was famous for schools in Augustan age. A large wall of stone surrounded the city in Ceasar’s time. Mediolanum Italy was announced as the place for the prefect of Liguria by Hadrian. Later, Constantine declared it as the seat for the vicar of Italy.
The capital city of the Western Roman Empire was changed to Mediolanum from Rome in 286 by Diocletian. Emperor Constantine enforced the Edict of Milan in 313 AD which paved the way for all religious groups to enter and settle in the region peacefully. This is the time when Christianity became dominant in the region. The city was home to a number of churches such as San Lorenzo, San Simpliciano, the chapel of San Vittore and San Nazaro.
In the Gothic War of 538, the entire city was laid to destruction by Uraia, King of Goths and nephew of Witiges with the loss of many lives and blood.
Below is a list of remnants of once the great architecture of Mediolanum Italy:
- The Colonne di San Lorenzo
- The remains of once a large amphitheater
- San Lorenzo Church
- Chapel of San aquilino
- Tomb of Stilicho